The hormonal physiology of people who menstruate in childbearing age involves a very special alchemy. That is, the dance of hormones during the monthly cycle that allows ovulation , a necessary condition for the cycle of life to continue.
Proper nutrition in the various phases of the menstrual cycle and in particular during the pre-menstrual phase will be a fundamental factor in facilitating all the biological phases that accompany it, avoiding discomfort, pain or alterations in the physiology that can become difficult to manage over time.
What happens in pre-menstruation?
The pre menstrual period it is considered in terms of time that between the 21st and the 28th day. The values of some hypothalamic hormones begin to decrease (LH) and FSH begins to rise to stimulate the ovaries to produce new estrogen in anticipation of the next cycle. In this phase, therefore, an alternation of hormones begins that change our physiology.
The importance of the liver
In this phase it is therefore very important to use a specific diet that allows stimulation of the liver . In fact, it is a very important body which, if managed well, will facilitate all phases of the cycle, as you might say? The liver is involved:
- Detoxification of hormonal excess
- Absorption of iron
- Energy production
- Fat management
- Osmotic pressure and therefore water retention
- Blood clotting
This organ must therefore be stimulated by a specific diet in the pre-menstrual phase. A first stimulation with fried foods in batter and eggs :
- Agretti omelette
- Artichoke omelette
- Potato omelette
- Zucchini omelette
Then it will be important to use vegetables especially in case of dysmenorrhea rich in muscle relaxants such as:
- Boiled green beans
- Grilled courgettes
- Milk thistle
- Radicchio and chicory
These plant foods rich in magnesium and potassium which come into play in the regulation of the contraction of smooth muscles involved if uncontrolled in dysmenorrhoeic pain.
Another important organ is the kidney, which in this phase must be stimulated to synergistically facilitate the work done by the liver in the elimination of some hormones and in the management of those of the next phase. Hydrate yourself well by increasing liquids but also use simple herbal teas such as blueberry, radish juice and artichoke decoction can help in this pre menstrual phase and in synergy with nutrition offer a valid help in maintaining the cycle in its correct phase.
Let's avoid the chicken
During this phase, estrogen levels start to rise again, so certain foods such as chicken or soy products should be avoided. These contain isoflavones or estrogen-like hormone derivatives that could fool the hypothalamus and pituitary, the hormonal regulation centers, thus altering the cycle or its short- and long-term effects.